What Causes Eczema Flare Ups in Babies?
Eczema in children is a common dermatological problem. The disease usually appears in children after birth from 6 months to two years old. This is a chronic condition, or recurrent. About 20% of babies and children have eczema. The disease is usually on the face and in some places like the cheeks, extremities. When your baby has eczema, you need to know how to treat and treat your baby because it will be difficult to treat if left out for a long time. So how to treat eczema in children?
According to dermatologists, there are many ways to treat eczema but the most effective way is to use baby lotion for eczema. Parents research and find the best baby lotion for eczema to treat your baby most effectively.
Eczema in children and things to know!
What is eczema in children?
Children’s eczema is a common rash in children aged 2 months to 2 years. This is a chronic skin disease that can follow a child until adulthood. In infants, the disease tends to occur on the cheeks and scalp, but can also spread to the legs, arms, chest, and other parts of the body. After the baby is 1 year old, parents can observe the eczema lesions on the inside of the elbows, behind the knees, wrists, and eyes. However, in other places can also get sick.
Symptoms of eczema in children
About 20% of babies are born with eczema. The disease usually begins in infants, 65% of babies will have symptoms in the first year of life. 90% of children will show symptoms before they turn 5 years old.
When infected, children will have the following symptoms:
Rash: Usually the first manifestation of the disease. The erythematous nodules are the redness on the cheeks, neck, forehead. Mothers are often confused with this symptom with heat rash, chapped skin.
Itchiness: As soon as the rash appears, the baby will itch. You can identify it by rubbing or scratching the affected skin with your hand or other objects. This is very harmful because it makes it easier for bacteria to enter and cause an infection.
Blisters: Blisters can grow on the red layer. Touching or scratching can cause breakage, leading to fluid leakage, watery discharge, and possible infection.
Scales: Once the blisters break open, they will dry out and scab.
In addition to the above typical symptoms, babies can fuss, cry, sleep, suck, eat poorly, grow slowly.
Causes of eczema in children
At present, the cause of eczema is not known exactly. Just know that the disease is related to genetics. When a family member has eczema, your baby will have an increased risk of eczema.
Eczema is not an allergic reaction to a substance but environmental agents (such as pollen, cigarette smoke) can trigger the disease. For a breastfed child, the mother’s diet can play a role as a cause of disease. Certain highly allergenic foods, such as seafood and cows, can trigger an eczema outbreak.
The rash can get thicker when exposed to heat, skin irritants (such as woolen cloths, cleaning agents, perfumes), temperature changes, or dry skin. Stress can also cause eczema to flare up.
How to treat eczema in children
Eczema can become chronic, difficult to treat if not detected, and treated promptly. To treat eczema for babies, mothers can take medicine and combine with home care.
Proper hygiene and bathing for babies with eczema
Mothers should only use warm, not too hot water to bathe their babies. Because hot water will make your baby’s skin dry. Use only mild, non-detergent shower gel. When bathing the baby, mothers should not rub vigorously because it can damage the baby’s skin. After showering, apply moisturizer.
Regular skin care for babies
When your baby’s skin is dry, eczema will easily recur. Therefore, an important principle in managing this pathology is moisturizing. You should use baby products best baby lotion for eczema to soften skin without alcohol and fragrance, coloring. The best time to apply lotion is right after your child has showered.
Create an open, fresh space for your baby
Certain airborne agents, such as dirt, animal hair, can trigger eczema flare-ups. Therefore, the mother should clean the room clean, change bedsheets, blankets regularly. When the room air is too dry, a humidifier (nebulizer) can be used. Parents should not keep animals in the home to prevent eczema in children from flare-ups.
When eczema in children is not controlled by normal methods (skincare, lifestyle changes), the mother will need to use medication to treat the child. Some medications can be used for children such as corticosteroids, antihistamines, or antibiotics. The treatment with children in drug should be directed by a dermatologist because if arbitrarily used if not properly will leave unpredictable consequences. Especially topical corticosteroids, when applied to the face, especially in children can cause skin thinning, skin atrophy and some other dangerous side effects.
With the above, surely you have gained some useful experience in the treatment of eczema. So do not worry when your baby is suffering from this disease